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Eur J Intern Med. 2012 Sep;23(6):558-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2012.02.016. Epub 2012 Mar 23.

Metabolic syndrome and vascular risk estimation in a Mediterranean non-diabetic population without cardiovascular disease.

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Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain.



Vascular risk equations are tools used to help prevent cardiovascular events. Our aim was to compare the REGICOR and SCORE equations in a general population and in persons with the metabolic syndrome (MS) according to the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation.


We calculated the cardiovascular risk with both equations in a random sample of 838 non-diabetic persons aged 40-65years without a history of cardiovascular disease, of whom 251 had the MS. Of the 838 persons, 3.6% had a high risk according to SCORE and 1.5% according to REGICOR, and of these, 53.3% and 61.5%, respectively, had the MS. The mean risk was greater in the persons with the MS than those without (REGICOR 4.6% vs. 2.6% and SCORE 1.7% vs. 1%; p<0.01 for each). In comparison with the group without the MS, the percentage of persons with the MS who had a high risk was greater with both scales: REGICOR (3.2% vs. 0.8%, p=0.027) and SCORE (6.4% vs. 2.4%, p=0.004). The agreement (kappa index) classifying the subjects with a high risk, was 0.453 in the overall sample and 0.391 in the subgroup with the MS.


The percentage of persons classified as having a high cardiovascular risk differed between REGICOR and SCORE. Using these scales only a small percentage of non-diabetic persons with the MS have a high risk. The presence of the MS multiplies the percentage of non-diabetic persons with a high vascular risk two-fold with SCORE and four-fold with REGICOR.

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