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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jul 20;109(3):033603. Epub 2012 Jul 19.

Demonstration of a state-insensitive, compensated nanofiber trap.

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1
Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics 12-33, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA.

Abstract

We report the experimental realization of an optical trap that localizes single Cs atoms ≃215  nm from the surface of a dielectric nanofiber. By operating at magic wavelengths for pairs of counterpropagating red- and blue-detuned trapping beams, differential scalar light shifts are eliminated, and vector shifts are suppressed by ≈250. We thereby measure an absorption linewidth Γ/2π=5.7±0.1  MHz for the Cs 6S(1/2), F=4→6P(3/2), F'=5 transition, where Γ0/2π=5.2  MHz in free space. An optical depth d≃66 is observed, corresponding to an optical depth per atom d1≃0.08. These advances provide an important capability for the implementation of functional quantum optical networks and precision atomic spectroscopy near dielectric surfaces.

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