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Child Dev. 2012 Nov;83(6):1960-77. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01820.x. Epub 2012 Aug 3.

Spanking and child development during the first 5 years of life.

Author information

1
School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. kmaguire@wisc.edu

Abstract

Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3,870) and cross-lagged path analysis, the authors examined whether spanking at ages 1 and 3 is adversely associated with cognitive skills and behavior problems at ages 3 and 5. The authors found spanking at age 1 was associated with a higher level of spanking and externalizing behavior at age 3, and spanking at age 3 was associated with a higher level of internalizing and externalizing behavior at age 5. The associations between spanking at age 1 and behavioral problems at age 5 operated predominantly through ongoing spanking at age 3. The authors did not find an association between spanking at age 1 and cognitive skills at age 3 or 5.

PMID:
22860622
PMCID:
PMC3493790
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01820.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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