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J Am Coll Health. 2012;60(6):461-70. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2012.684365.

A review of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV vaccine-related attitudes and sexual behaviors among college-aged women in the United States.

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1
School of Nursing, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri 64108, USA. ntr7g5@mail.umkc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV vaccine-related attitudes among college-aged women and the relationship between HPV vaccine uptake and subsequent sexual behaviors.

METHODS:

PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar searches were performed from 2006, the date after the first HPV vaccine became available, to present.

RESULTS:

Of the 13 studies identified, most were cross-sectional. College-aged women saw HPV infection as serious and had positive attitudes toward the HPV vaccine. Barriers (ie, cost, lack of insurance coverage) existed that prevented women from obtaining the vaccine and many women did not see themselves at risk for HPV. The vaccine uptake rate, although increasing, has been slow.

CONCLUSION:

College-aged women in the United States may need unbiased information about HPV and HPV vaccine. Studies that focus on risk perception and the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, vaccine uptake, and sexual behaviors are needed to inform interventions and public health programs.

PMID:
22857138
DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2012.684365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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