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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2012 May;12(5):4228-32.

Novel photoactive fluorene-based terpolymers incorporating carbazole for photovoltaic application.

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Energy Materials Research Center Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Sinseongno 19, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-600, Korea.


A series of novel photoactive conjugated terpolymers based on N-alkyl carbazole, 9,9-didecylfluorene, and bis(thienyl)benzothiadiazole were synthesized by the Pd-catalyzed Suzuki polymerization method with various molar ratios of the carbazole derivatives. Electron-deficient benzothiadiazole and electron-rich carbazole moieties were incorporated into the polymer backbone to obtain the broad absorption spectrum and to improve the hole-transporting characteristics, respectively. The polymer solar cell (PSC) was fabricated with a layered structure of ITO/PEDOT: PSS/polymer:C71-PCBM (1:3)/LiF/Al. The best performance of PSC was obtained at P1:C71-PCBM whose reaches a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 2.62%, with a short circuit current density (J(SC)) of 8.61 mA/cm2, an open circuit voltage (V(OC)) of 0.82 V, and a fill factor (FF) of 0.37 under AM 1.5 G irradiation (100 mW/cm2).

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