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Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2012 Sep;124(17-18):599-604. Epub 2012 Aug 1.

Neoadjuvant radiotherapy of head and neck carcinoma: an obstacle for plastic reconstruction?

Author information

1
Department for Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, Academic Hospital Feldkirch, Carinagasse 47, 6807, Feldkirch, Austria. stefan.riml@lkhf.at

Abstract

Head and neck carcinomas often are at an advanced stage at the time of diagnosis and therefore frequently primarily hardly operable. A downstaging achieved by neoadjuvant radiotherapy can facilitate a radical tumor resection. Because of radiogenic tissue alterations like scarring and impairment of blood supply, elaborate operations, such as microsurgical reconstructions, are aggravated to a degree, and most surgeons consider them impossible. In this paper, we report our experiences with plastic-surgical reconstruction in patients with neoadjuvant pretreated head and neck carcinoma.In the last 6 years, eight patients with an advanced head and neck carcinoma were subjected to neoadjuvant radiotherapy followed by a radical tumor resection and reconstruction within the same session. Therefore, pedicled pectoralis flaps (in three patients), microvascular radialis flaps (two), lateral upper arm flaps (one), parascapular flaps (one), and a microsurgical anastomosed jejunal graft were used. The mean follow-up period was 44.5 months.The surgical postoperative course was uneventful in 75 % of patients (six out of eight). An anastomosis venous thrombose in one patient and a wound dehiscence in another required revision. In the end, a satisfactory result could be achieved in all the patients.Sophisticated reconstructions in irritated patients with ENT carcinoma are challenging; therefore, efficient interdisciplinary cooperation can overcome this obstacle.

PMID:
22850812
DOI:
10.1007/s00508-012-0214-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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