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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012 Sep 1;22(17):5559-62. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2012.07.010. Epub 2012 Jul 15.

Anti-inflammatory sesquiterpene lactones from the flower of Vernonia cinerea.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720, United States.


Bioassay-guided fractionation of the hexane extract from the flowers of Vernonia cinerea (Asteraceae) led to the isolation of a new sesquiterpene lactone, 8α-hydroxyhirsutinolide (2), and a new naturally occurring derivative, 8α-hydroxyl-1-O-methylhirsutinolide (3), along with seven known compounds (1 and 4-9). The structures of the new compounds were determined by 1D and 2D NMR experiments and by comparison with the structure of compound 1, whose relative stereochemistry was determined by X-ray analysis. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their cancer chemopreventive potential based on their ability to inhibit nitric oxide (NO) production and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)-induced NF-κB activity. Compounds 1, 2, 4, 5, and 9 inhibited TNF-α-induced NF-κB activity with IC(50) values of 3.1, 1.9, 0.6, 5.2, and 1.6 μM, respectively; compounds 4 and 6-9 exhibited significant NO inhibitory activity with IC(50) values of 2.0, 1.5, 1.2, 2.7, and 2.4 μM, respectively.

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