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Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Dec 3;39(2):364-70. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2012.07.012. Epub 2012 Jul 29.

Equivalent brain SPECT perfusion changes underlying therapeutic efficiency in pharmacoresistant depression using either high-frequency left or low-frequency right prefrontal rTMS.

Author information

1
Hôpital Sainte Marguerite, Pôle de Psychiatrie Universitaire, 13009 Marseille, France. raphaellemarie.richieri@ap-hm.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Functional neuroimaging studies have suggested similar mechanisms underlying antidepressant effects of distinct therapeutics.

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to determine and compare functional brain patterns underlying the antidepressant response of 2 distinct protocols of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS).

METHODS:

99mTc-ECD SPECT was performed before and after rTMS of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in 61 drug-resistant right-handed patients with major depression, using high frequency (10Hz) left-side stimulation in 33 patients, and low frequency (1Hz) right-side stimulation in 28 patients. Efficiency of rTMS response was defined as at least 50% reduction of the baseline Beck Depression Inventory score. We compared the whole-brain voxel-based brain SPECT changes in perfusion after rTMS, between responders and non-responders in the whole sample (p<0.005, uncorrected), and separately in the subgroup of patients with left- and right-stimulation.

RESULTS:

Before rTMS, the left- and right-prefrontal stimulation groups did not differ from clinical data and brain SPECT perfusion. rTMS efficiency (evaluated on % of responders) was statistically equivalent in the two groups of patients. In the whole-group of responder patients, a perfusion decrease was found after rTMS, in comparison to non-responders, within the left perirhinal cortex (BA35, BA36). This result was secondarily confirmed separately in the two subgroups, i.e. after either left stimulation (p=0.017) or right stimulation (p<0.001), without significant perfusion differences between these two subgroups.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data show that distinct successful rTMS protocols induce equivalent brain functional changes associated to antidepressive efficiency, consisting to a remote brain limbic activity decrease within the left perirhinal cortex. However, these results will have to be confirmed in a double-blind randomized trial using a sham control group.

PMID:
22850205
DOI:
10.1016/j.pnpbp.2012.07.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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