Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Child Psychol. 2012 Dec;113(4):552-68. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2012.06.009. Epub 2012 Jul 31.

Exploring mathematics problems prepares children to learn from instruction.

Author information

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.


Both exploration and explicit instruction are thought to benefit learning in many ways, but much less is known about how the two can be combined. We tested the hypothesis that engaging in exploratory activities prior to receiving explicit instruction better prepares children to learn from the instruction. Children (159 second- to fourth-grade students) solved relatively unfamiliar mathematics problems (e.g., 3+5=4+□) before or after they were instructed on the concept of mathematical equivalence. Exploring problems before instruction improved understanding compared with a more conventional "instruct-then-practice" sequence. Prompts to self-explain did not improve learning more than extra practice. Microgenetic analyses revealed that problem exploration led children to more accurately gauge their competence, attempt a larger variety of strategies, and attend more to problem features-better preparing them to learn from instruction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center