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PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e41505. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041505. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Functional characterization of a novel outer membrane porin KpnO, regulated by PhoBR two-component system in Klebsiella pneumoniae NTUH-K2044.

Author information

1
Council of Scientific Industrial Research, Institute of Microbial Technology, Sector 39 A, Chandigarh, India. vijirmohan@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The diffusion of antibiotics through the outer membrane is primarily affected by the porin super family, changes contribute to antibiotic resistance. Recently we demonstrated that the CpxAR two-component signaling system alters the expression of an uncharacterized porin OmpC(KP), to mediate antimicrobial resistance in K. pneumoniae.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

In this study, functional characterization of the putative porin OmpC(KP) (denoted kpnO) with respect to antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence was evaluated by generating an isogenic mutant, ΔkpnO in a clinical isolate of K. pneumoniae. Estimation of uronic acid content confirmed that ΔkpnO produced ∼2.0 fold lesser capsular polysaccharide than the wild-type. The ΔkpnO displayed higher sensitivity to hyper osmotic and bile conditions. Disruption of kpnO increased the susceptibility of K. pneumoniae to oxidative and nitrostative stress by ∼1.6 fold and >7 fold respectively. The loss of the Klebsiella porin led to an increase in the minimum inhibitory concentration of tetracycline (3-fold), nalidixic acid (4-fold), tobramycin (4-fold), streptomycin (10-fold), and spectinomycin (10-fold), which could be restored following complementation. The single deletion of kpnO reduced the survival of the pathogen by 50% when exposed to disinfectants. In Caenorhabditis elegans model, the kpnO mutant exhibited significantly (P<0.01) lower virulence. To dissect the role of PhoBR signaling system in regulating the expression of the kpnO, a phoB(KP) isogenic mutant was constructed. The phoB(KP) mutant exhibited impaired gastrointestinal stress response and decreased antimicrobial susceptibility. The mRNA levels of kpnO were found to be 4-fold less in phoB(KP) mutant compared to wild type. A regulatory role of PhoB(KP) for the expression of kpnO was further supported by the specific binding of PhoB(KP) to the putative promoter of kpnO.

CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE:

Loss of PhoBR regulated porin KpnO resulted in increased antimicrobial resistance, increased susceptibility to gastrointestinal stress, and reduced virulence in K. pneumoniae NTUH-K2044.

PMID:
22848515
PMCID:
PMC3405095
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0041505
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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