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PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40519. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040519. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Mining GO annotations for improving annotation consistency.

Author information

1
Department of Informatics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. dfaria@xldb.di.fc.ul.pt

Abstract

Despite the structure and objectivity provided by the Gene Ontology (GO), the annotation of proteins is a complex task that is subject to errors and inconsistencies. Electronically inferred annotations in particular are widely considered unreliable. However, given that manual curation of all GO annotations is unfeasible, it is imperative to improve the quality of electronically inferred annotations. In this work, we analyze the full GO molecular function annotation of UniProtKB proteins, and discuss some of the issues that affect their quality, focusing particularly on the lack of annotation consistency. Based on our analysis, we estimate that 64% of the UniProtKB proteins are incompletely annotated, and that inconsistent annotations affect 83% of the protein functions and at least 23% of the proteins. Additionally, we present and evaluate a data mining algorithm, based on the association rule learning methodology, for identifying implicit relationships between molecular function terms. The goal of this algorithm is to assist GO curators in updating GO and correcting and preventing inconsistent annotations. Our algorithm predicted 501 relationships with an estimated precision of 94%, whereas the basic association rule learning methodology predicted 12,352 relationships with a precision below 9%.

PMID:
22848383
PMCID:
PMC3405096
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0040519
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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