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Calcif Tissue Int. 2012 Oct;91(4):250-4. doi: 10.1007/s00223-012-9631-4. Epub 2012 Jul 31.

A homozygous contiguous gene deletion in chromosome 16p13.3 leads to autosomal recessive osteopetrosis in a Jordanian patient.

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1
UOS/IRGB, Milan Unit, CNR, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

Human malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by reduced bone resorption by osteoclasts. Mutations in the CLCN7 gene are responsible not only for a substantial portion of ARO patients but also for other forms of osteopetrosis characterized by different severity and inheritance. The lack of a clear genotype/phenotype correlation makes genetic counseling a tricky issue for CLCN7-dependent osteopetrosis. Here, we characterize the first homozygous interstitial deletion in 16p13.3, detected by array comparative genomic hybridization in an ARO patient of Jordanian origin. The deletion involved other genes besides CLCN7, while the proband displayed a classic ARO phenotype; however, her early death did not allow more extensive clinical investigations. The identification of this novel genomic deletion involving a large part of the CLCN7 gene is of clinical relevance, especially in prenatal diagnosis, and suggests the possibility that this kind of mutation has been underestimated so far. These data highlight the need for alternative approaches to genetic analysis also in other ARO-causative genes.

PMID:
22847576
DOI:
10.1007/s00223-012-9631-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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