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Digestion. 2012;86(2):94-106. doi: 10.1159/000339342. Epub 2012 Jul 27.

A questionnaire-based survey on screening for gastric and colorectal cancer by physicians in East Asian countries in 2010.

Author information

1
Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. ynaito@koto.kpu-m.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The incidence of gastric cancer (GC) is high, and colorectal cancer (CRC) has significantly increased in Asian countries.

AIM:

To examine the current screening for GC and CRC within East Asia by means of a questionnaire survey.

METHODS:

Representative members of the Committee of the International Gastrointestinal Consensus Symposium provided a questionnaire to physicians in six East Asian countries.

RESULTS:

A total of 449 physicians participated in this survey. In all countries, more than 70% of physicians started GC screening between 40 and 59 years. The most popular method to screen for GC was endoscopy (92.7%), but combination methods such as Helicobacter pylori (HP) antibody, barium X-ray, and tumor marker with endoscopy differed by country. For HP-positive individuals, most physicians screened every year by endoscopy, and for individuals post-HP eradication, about half of physicians (56.3%) thought there was a need to follow-up with GC screening. Among all physicians, the most common age to start CRC screening was in the 40s (39.8%) and 50s (40.9%). Based on the American Cancer Society Recommendations, a fecal occult blood test every year was the most popular method for CRC screening overall. However, among each country, this test was most popular in only Japan (76.9%) and Indonesia. In other countries, sigmoidoscopy every 5 years and total colonoscopy every 10 years were the most popular methods.

CONCLUSION:

There are similarities and differences in the screening of GC and CRC among East Asian countries.

PMID:
22846219
DOI:
10.1159/000339342
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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