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Cardiovasc Eng Technol. 2012 Jun;3(2):237-247.

Targeted Delivery of VEGF after a Myocardial Infarction Reduces Collagen Deposition and Improves Cardiac Function.

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1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Temple University, 1947 N. 12th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA.

Abstract

The development of adjunctive therapies which attenuate adverse remodeling and improve LV function post myocardial infarction (MI) is of significant clinical interest. Previously, we have shown that targeted delivery of therapeutic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to the infarct border zone significantly increases vascular perfusion and results in improvements in LV function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that improvements in cardiac function observed with this novel targeted drug delivery system strongly correlate with reductions in collagen deposition in the scar tissue after an MI. Rats received anti-P-selectin conjugated immunoliposomes containing VEGF immediately post-MI. Over 4 weeks, evolutionary changes in LV geometry and function were correlated with collagen deposition and infarct size quantified by Gomori's trichrome and picrosirius red staining. Targeted VEGF treated hearts showed a 37% decrease in collagen deposition in the anterior wall, as well as significant improvements in LV filling pressures. Multi-regression analysis showed that the extent of collagen deposition post MI can be predicted by a linear combination of normalized LV mass and ejection fraction. Targeted delivery of VEGF post-MI results in significant decreases in collagen deposition and adverse remodeling. Improvements in cardiac function in this model are related to degree of collagen deposition and extent of scar formation.

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