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Anticancer Res. 2012 Aug;32(8):3169-75.

Prognostic significance of glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) down-regulation and correlation with aberrant promoter methylation in human gastric cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yeongeon-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-799, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aimed at examining the association of gene silencing and promoter methylation of glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) and glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3) in gastric cancer cells and determined the clinical significance of GPX1 and GPX3 expression loss in gastric cancer tissue.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Analysis of mRNA expression was carried out by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Methylation of the GPX1 promoter region was analyzed by bisulfite sequencing, and that of the GPX3 promoter region was analyzed by methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry of GPX1 and GPX3 in 1,163 resected gastric cancer specimens was performed to assess the associations with clinicopathological parameters.

RESULTS:

Reduced GPX1 and GPX3 mRNA expression was associated with promoter methylation in gastric cancer cell lines. A correlation between DNA promoter methylation and loss of GPX1 expression was noted in 16 gastric cancer tissue samples (p=0.005). Loss of GPX1 and GPX3 proteins was found in 24.4% and 30.8% of gastric cancer tissues. Loss of GPX1 expression was significantly associated with advanced gastric cancer (p=0.039) and lymphatic invasion (p=0.010); loss of GPX3 expression was associated with advanced gastric cancer (p<0.001) and lymph node metastasis (p<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that low expression of GPX1 was associated with poor cancer-specific survival (p=0.010).

CONCLUSION:

Data from this study implicate aberrant hypermethylation of promoter regions of GPX1 and GPX3 as a mechanism for down-regulation of GPX1 and GPX3 mRNA expression in gastric cancer cells. Loss of GPX1 expression was associated with aggressiveness and poor survival in patients with gastric cancer.

PMID:
22843889
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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