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Med Oncol. 2012 Dec;29(5):3440-8. doi: 10.1007/s12032-012-0312-y. Epub 2012 Jul 28.

Allogeneic mRNA-based electrotransfection of autologous dendritic cells and specific antitumor effects against osteosarcoma in rats.

Author information

1
Center of Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedics Oncology Institute of Chinese PLA, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710038, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China. yuzhe780519@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

Vaccination with dendritic cells (DCs) transfected with tumor-derived mRNA antigen has emerged as a promising strategy for generating protective immunity in mammals. However, the integration of allogeneic osteosarcoma mRNA and autologous DCs has not been fully examined. This study was designed to investigate the antitumor effects of tumor vaccine produced by autologous DCs transfected of allogeneic osteosarcoma mRNA through electroporation in tumor-bearing rats model. In the present study, extraction of Wistar rat tumor mRNA was performed as a two-step procedure. First, total RNA was extracted by use of Trizol; then, mRNA purification was performed by use of polyT-coated magnetic beads. Then, we transfected the allogeneic-derived tumor mRNA to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat bone marrow-derived DCs through electroporation. The tumor vaccine was applied to tumor-bearing rats model, and the specific antitumor effects of the tumor vaccine were observed. The immunization using autologous DCs electrotransfected with allogeneic osteosarcoma total RNA induced specific CTL responses, which were statistically significant (P < 0.05), and the cytotoxic activity was confirmed in cold target inhibition assays and using mAbs blocking MHC class I molecules. In in vivo experiments, 70 % of the rats immunized with allogeneic osteosarcoma RNA transfected to DCs were typically able to reject tumor challenge and remained tumor-free. Vaccinated survivors developed long immunological memory and were able to reject a subsequent rechallenge with the same tumor cells but not a syngeneic unrelated tumor line. In the present study, we demonstrated that allogeneic tumor mRNA isolated from rat osteosarcoma cell line could be applied to produce tumor vaccine inducing specific antitumor effects, especially in DC-based immunotherapy strategy. This study also provides the foundations for an effective and broadly applicable treatment to a wide range of cancer indications for which tumor-associated antigens have not been identified.

PMID:
22843292
DOI:
10.1007/s12032-012-0312-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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