Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 Nov;28(11):1925-9. doi: 10.1007/s00381-012-1863-0. Epub 2012 Jul 28.

Posttraumatic seizures in children with severe traumatic brain injury.

Author information

Department of Neurosurgery and Neuroscience Research, Barrow Neurological Institute at Phoenix Children's Hospital, Ambulatory Building B, 1919 East Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85016, USA.



Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a leading cause of childhood death and disability worldwide. Seizures are a common complication of TBI and they are particularly common in pediatric populations. The proper management of children sustaining severe TBI is still controversial. Our study aims to share our experience contributing to build evidence for better care.


Retrospective chart review was performed on individuals ages 0 to <18 who presented to a level 1 trauma center during a 10-year period with the diagnosis of severe TBI. Data analyzed included patient's demographics, event information, clinical and radiological presentation, management, and midterm follow-up. Presence of seizures was tracked through EEG monitoring, staff witnessing, or guardian referral.


The incidence of early posttraumatic seizures (EPTS) observed in our population (19 %) exceeds those previously reported. Such findings likely reflect the importance of close monitoring including EEG. An association between the presence of EPTS and the development of late posttraumatic seizures (LPTS) was evidenced (p=0.001; 95 % CI 2.2, 16.5), while this association should not be assumed as a measure of causality, it should be considered for the management of patients presenting EPTS. Non-accidental trauma and young age were identified as independent predictors for the development of seizures.


Seizures are a common complication of severe TBI among children aged 0-3 years. Given the detrimental effects that seizures produce on the injured brain, close observation and appropriate monitoring with EEG are essential for the management of children sustaining severe TBI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center