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Cell Rep. 2012 Jul 26;2(1):89-100. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2012.05.018. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

Differential trafficking of transport vesicles contributes to the localization of dendritic proteins.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Program in Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.

Abstract

In neurons, transmembrane proteins are targeted to dendrites in vesicles that traffic solely within the somatodendritic compartment. How these vesicles are retained within the somatodendritic domain is unknown. Here, we use a novel pulse-chase system, which allows synchronous release of exogenous transmembrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to follow movements of post-Golgi transport vesicles. Surprisingly, we found that post-Golgi vesicles carrying dendritic proteins were equally likely to enter axons and dendrites. However, once such vesicles entered the axon, they very rarely moved beyond the axon initial segment but instead either halted or reversed direction in an actin and Myosin Va-dependent manner. In contrast, vesicles carrying either an axonal or a nonspecifically localized protein only rarely halted or reversed and instead generally proceeded to the distal axon. Thus, our results are consistent with the axon initial segment behaving as a vesicle filter that mediates the differential trafficking of transport vesicles.

PMID:
22840400
PMCID:
PMC3408588
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2012.05.018
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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