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Mol Endocrinol. 1990 Jul;4(7):965-72.

Cell type-specific expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 in the mouse uterus during the periimplantation period.

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Department of Obstetrics-Gynecology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66103.


Immunohistochemistry and in situ and Northern blot hybridization were employed to determine temporal and spatial expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF beta 1) in the mouse uterus during the periimplantation period. The polyclonal antisera anti-LC-(1-30) and anti-CC-(1-30), raised against two different preparations of a peptide corresponding to the amino-terminal 30 amino acids of TGF beta 1, were used for histochemical analyses because of their distinct staining patterns. Anti-LC shows intracellular staining, while staining by anti-CC is primarily extracellular. The colocalization of intracellular staining by anti-LC with in situ hybridization of TGF beta 1 mRNA in the luminal and glandular epithelia on days 1-4 of pregnancy (day 1 = vaginal plug) indicates that the epithelial cells are the primary sites of TGF beta 1 synthesis during the preimplantation period. On the other hand, staining of the extracellular matrix of the stroma by anti-CC during this period suggests an active accumulation of TGF-beta 1 that is synthesized in and secreted from the epithelia. While intracellular staining and accumulation of TGF-beta 1 mRNA in the epithelia were clearly evident on days 1-4, the extracellular staining showed temporal fluctuations. The clear extracellular staining of the stroma that was observed on day 1 was absent on day 2; moderate staining was again visualized in the stroma on day 3 and was markedly increased on day 4.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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