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Kardiologiia. 2012;52(5):8-12.

[Acute kidney injury in patients with myocardial infarction and efficacy of thrombolytic therapy].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Aim of the study was to assess rate and severity of acute kidney injury (AKJ) (RIFLE and AKIN criteria) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), to determine relationship between AKJ, mortality and effectiveness of thrombolytic therapy (TLT). We examined 146 patients (117 men, 29 women, mean age 56.7+/-10.8 ) with STEMI subjected to TLT with streptokinase. AKJ was diagnosed and classified according to RIFLE and AKIN criteria by creatinine (RIFLECr, AKINCr) and diuresis (RIFLEou, AKINou). TLT was effective in 104(71%) patients. AKJ was found in 74 (51%) according to RIFLECr and in 86 (59%) - AKINCr, in 51 (35%) - RIFLEou and AKINou criteria. Eight patients 8 (5%) died. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that AKJ according to RIFLEou or AKINou irrespective of sex, age, and time after appearance of symptoms to hospitalization, was associated with mortality (relative risk [RR] 12.9, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 1.45-115,58, p=0.002). Thus more than 50% of STEMI patients have AKJ according to RIFLECr AKINCr criteria. Frequency of AKJ according to RIFLEou and AKINou was by 40% and one third less than that according to AKINCr and RIFLECr, respectively. Presence of AKJ was associated with TLT inefficacy and elevation of mortality.

PMID:
22839579
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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