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Clin Rehabil. 2013 Feb;27(2):133-41. doi: 10.1177/0269215512450521. Epub 2012 Jul 26.

Comparison of the effects of Buteyko and pranayama breathing techniques on quality of life in patients with asthma - a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, India. prem.v@manipal.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare two breathing exercises (Buteyko and pranayama) with a control group in patients with asthma.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial.

SUBJECTS:

One hundred and twenty subjects were randomized to three groups through block randomization. Subjects with an Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score <5.5 participated in the study.

SETTING:

Outpatient pulmonary medicine department.

INTERVENTIONS:

Subjects in the Buteyko and pranayama groups were trained for 3-5 days and instructed to practise the exercises for 15 minutes twice daily, and for three months duration. The control group underwent routine pharmacological management during the study period.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, Asthma Control Questionnaire and pulmonary function test.

RESULTS:

The baseline characteristics were similar in all three groups. Post intervention, the Buteyko group showed better trends of improvement (mean (95% confidence interval), P-value) in total Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score than the pranayama (0.47 (-0.008-0.95), P = 0.056) and control groups (0.97 (0.48-1.46), P = 0.0001). In comparison between the pranayama and control groups, pranayama showed significant improvement (0.50 (0.01-0.98), P = 0.042) in total Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score.

CONCLUSION:

The Buteyko group showed better trends of improvement in quality of life and asthma control than the group performing the pranayama breathing exercise.

PMID:
22837543
DOI:
10.1177/0269215512450521
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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