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Int J Eat Disord. 2013 Jan;46(1):34-8. doi: 10.1002/eat.22047. Epub 2012 Jul 27.

Therapeutic alliance in two treatments for adolescent anorexia nervosa.

Author information

1
PGSP-Stanford Consortium, Palo Alto, California, USA. sforsberg@stanford.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between therapeutic alliance and treatment outcome (remission status) in family-based treatment (FBT) and adolescent-focused therapy (AFT) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN).

METHOD:

Independent observers rated audiotapes of early therapy sessions using the Working Alliance Inventory-Observer Version (WAI-o). Outcome was defined using established cut-points for full and partial remission. To control for effects of early symptom improvement, changes in weight- and eating-related psychopathology prior to the alliance session were calculated and entered as a covariate in each analysis.

RESULTS:

Participants in AFT had significantly higher alliance scores; however, overall scores were high in both therapies. The alliance was not a predictor of full remission for either treatment, though it was a non-specific predictor for partial remission.

DISCUSSION:

Therapeutic alliance is achievable in adolescents with AN in both AFT and FBT, but demonstrated no relationship to full remission of the disorder.

PMID:
22836506
PMCID:
PMC3499671
DOI:
10.1002/eat.22047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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