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Cardiovasc J Afr. 2012 Jul;23(6):336-9. doi: 10.5830/CVJA-2012-009.

Oral health of patients with severe rheumatic heart disease.

Author information

1
Department of Therapeutics and Medicines Management, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. maharajb4@ukzn.ac.za

Abstract

In order to determine whether adequate attention is paid to the maintenance of good oral health in patients at risk of developing infective endocarditis, we studied 44 black patients with severe rheumatic heart disease before they had cardiac surgery. Plaque and gingival index scores were calculated and panoramic radiographs were done in all patients. There were 17 males and 27 females (mean age: 30.6 years). The plaque and gingival index scores were classified as poor in 31.8 and 54.6% of patients, respectively. Panoramic radiographic findings included caries in 56.8% of patients, peri-apical pathology in 18.1% and retained roots in 22.7% of patients. This study demonstrates that inadequate attention is paid to the maintenance of good oral health in patients with severe rheumatic heart disease. The oral and dental care of patients at risk of developing infective endocarditis needs to be improved.

PMID:
22836156
PMCID:
PMC3734880
DOI:
10.5830/CVJA-2012-009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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