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Am J Cardiol. 2012 Nov 1;110(9):1234-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.06.023. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Determinants of prognostically relevant intracoronary electrocardiogram ST-segment shift during coronary balloon occlusion.

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Department of Cardiology, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland.


The prognostic relevance of quantitative an intracoronary occlusive electrocardiographic (ECG) ST-segment shift and its determinants have not been investigated in humans. In 765 patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease, the following simultaneous quantitative measurements were obtained during a 1-minute coronary balloon occlusion: intracoronary ECG ST-segment shift (recorded by angioplasty guidewire), mean aortic pressure, mean distal coronary pressure, and mean central venous pressure (CVP). Collateral flow index (CFI) was calculated as follows: (mean distal coronary pressure minus CVP)/(mean aortic pressure minus CVP). During an average follow-up duration of 50 ± 34 months, the cumulative mortality rate from all causes was significantly lower in the group with an ST-segment shift <0.1 mV (n = 89) than in the group with an ST-segment shift ≥0.1 mV (n = 676, p = 0.0211). Factors independently related to intracoronary occlusive ECG ST-segment shift <0.1 mV (r(2) = 0.189, p <0.0001) were high CFI (p <0.0001), intracoronary occlusive RR interval (p = 0.0467), right coronary artery as the ischemic region (p <0.0001), and absence of arterial hypertension (p = 0.0132). "High" CFI according to receiver operating characteristics analysis was ≥0.217 (area under receiver operating characteristics curve 0.647, p <0.0001). In conclusion, absence of ECG ST-segment shift during brief coronary occlusion in patients with chronic coronary artery disease conveys a decreased mortality and is directly influenced by a well-developed collateral supply to the right versus left coronary ischemic region and by the absence of systemic hypertension in a patient's history.

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