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Prosthet Orthot Int. 2013 Feb;37(1):9-13. doi: 10.1177/0309364612438795. Epub 2012 Jul 24.

Quality of life and functionality after lower limb amputations: comparison between uni- vs. bilateral amputee patients.

Author information

1
GMMA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. selimakarsu@yahoo.com.tr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It is difficult for the lower limb amputee patients to adapt to their new lifestyles.

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the life quality and functionality of patients with bilateral vs. unilateral lower extremity amputations.

STUDY DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

METHODS:

Fifteen bilateral and 15 unilateral lower extremity amputee patients were enrolled. Demographics, cause and level of amputations, frequency and duration of prosthesis use were evaluated. SF-36, Satisfaction with Prosthesis Questionnaire (SAT-PRO), Amputee Body Image Scale. (ABIS), Houghton Scale (HS), six-minute walk test (6MWT), and 10-metre walk test (10 MWT) were performed.

RESULTS:

Physical function, physical and emotional role scores of SF-36 were significantly lower in the bilateral amputee group in comparison with the unilateral group. SAT-PRO and ABIS total scores were similar between the groups. There was a positive correlation between the frequency of prosthetic use and SF-36 subgroups (except pain). The unilateral amputee group had significantly better scores than the bilateral amputee group in terms of HS, 6MWT and 10 MWT.

CONCLUSION:

Physical capacity of bilateral lower extremity amputee patients is lower than the unilateral amputee patients; satisfaction with prosthesis and body image are not related with the amputation level; and the life quality and satisfaction with prostheses are increased in parallel with the use of the prostheses. Clinical relevance Although differences exist between the groups, in terms of quality of life and functionality, patients can reach an acceptable life standard with good rehabilitation and a suitable prosthesis.

PMID:
22833517
DOI:
10.1177/0309364612438795
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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