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Rheumatol Int. 2013 Apr;33(4):1047-52. doi: 10.1007/s00296-012-2466-5. Epub 2012 Jul 26.

Prospective, open-label, uncontrolled pilot study to study safety and efficacy of sildenafil in systemic sclerosis-related pulmonary artery hypertension and cutaneous vascular complications.

Author information

1
Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology Division, Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India. umaakumar@yahoo.co.in

Erratum in

  • Rheumatol Int. 2013 Apr;33(4):1053. Gokhle, Sankalp S [corrected to Sankalp, Gokhale].

Abstract

Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in systemic sclerosis, while Raynaud's phenomenon and digital ulcers significantly add to the morbidity in systemic sclerosis (SSc). This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of sildenafil in PAH, Raynaud's phenomenon, and digital ulcers in systemic sclerosis patients. A prospective, open-label, uncontrolled pilot study was done at a tertiary care centre in India to study the safety and efficacy of oral sildenafil in PAH, Raynaud's phenomenon, digital infarcts, and ulcers in SSc. Seventeen patients fulfilling ACR classification criteria for scleroderma and having PAH were recruited. Six-minute walk test, WHO class of dyspnoea, severity of Raynaud's phenomenon, and 2D ECHO were performed in all the study subjects at baseline and at 3 months post-treatment. All patients were treated with oral sildenafil 25 mg three times a day for a period of 3 months. The pre- and post-treatment values of mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), 6-min walk test, WHO class of dyspnoea, and severity of Raynaud's phenomenon were compared to look for any significant change. Sixteen patients who completed 3-month follow-up had shown statistically significant improvement in 6-min walk test, WHO class of dyspnoea, severity of Raynaud's phenomenon, and mPAP. Also, there was no occurrence of new digital infarcts or ulcers, and existing ulcers showed signs of healing. Sildenafil is highly efficacious cheaper and safe alternative to other available therapies for SSc-associated PAH, Raynaud's phenomenon, and digital infarcts/ulcers.

PMID:
22833239
DOI:
10.1007/s00296-012-2466-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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