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Mol Plant Pathol. 2012 Dec;13(9):1101-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2012.00819.x. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

SnTox5-Snn5: a novel Stagonospora nodorum effector-wheat gene interaction and its relationship with the SnToxA-Tsn1 and SnTox3-Snn3-B1 interactions.

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Biosciences Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Fargo, ND 58102, USA.


The Stagonospora nodorum-wheat interaction involves multiple pathogen-produced necrotrophic effectors that interact directly or indirectly with specific host gene products to induce the disease Stagonospora nodorum blotch (SNB). Here, we used a tetraploid wheat mapping population to identify and characterize a sixth effector-host gene interaction in the wheat-S.‚ÄČnodorum system. Initial characterization of the effector SnTox5 indicated that it is a proteinaceous necrotrophic effector that induces necrosis on host lines harbouring the Snn5 sensitivity gene, which was mapped to the long arm of wheat chromosome 4B. On the basis of ultrafiltration, SnTox5 is probably in the size range 10-30‚ÄČkDa. Analysis of SNB development in the mapping population indicated that the SnTox5-Snn5 interaction explains 37%-63% of the variation, demonstrating that this interaction plays a significant role in disease development. When the SnTox5-Snn5 and SnToxA-Tsn1 interactions occurred together, the level of SNB was increased significantly. Similar to several other interactions in this system, the SnTox5-Snn5 interaction is light dependent, suggesting that multiple interactions may exploit the same pathways to cause disease.

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