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Int J Dent. 2012;2012:369751. doi: 10.1155/2012/369751. Epub 2012 Jul 8.

Microbiota associated with infections of the jaws.

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1
Laboratório de Microbiologia e Imunologia, Departamento de Patologia e Propedêutica Clinica, Faculdade de Odontologia, UNIV-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Araçatuba, Brazil.

Abstract

The microbial infections involving the craniofacial skeleton, particularly maxilla and mandible, have direct relationship with the dental biofilm, with predominance of obligate anaerobes. In some patients, these infections may spread to bone marrow or facial soft tissues, producing severe and life-threatening septic conditions. In such cases, local treatment associated with systemic antimicrobials should be used in order to eradicate the sources of contamination. This paper discuss the possibility of spread of these infections and their clinical implications for dentistry, as well as their etiology and aspects related to microbial virulence and pathogenesis.

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