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Water Sci Technol. 2012;66(6):1325-32. doi: 10.2166/wst.2012.319.

Experiments and 3D simulations of flow structures in junctions and their influence on location of flowmeters.

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1
CNRS-Université de Lyon, INSA Lyon, LMFA, Bât. Joseph Jacquard, 20 avenue A. Einstein, F-69621 Villeurbanne cedex, France.

Abstract

Open-channel junctions are common occurrences in sewer networks and flow rate measurement often occurs near these singularities. Local flow structures are 3D, impact on the representativeness of the local flow measurements and thus lead to deviations in the flow rate estimation. The present study aims (i) to measure and simulate the flow pattern in a junction flow, (ii) to analyse the impact of the junction on the velocity distribution according to the distance from the junction and thus (iii) to evaluate the typical error derived from the computation of the flow rate close to the junction.

PMID:
22828313
DOI:
10.2166/wst.2012.319
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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