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Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2012 Oct;25(5):489-99. doi: 10.1097/QCO.0b013e328356ffeb.

Vaccines for typhoid fever and other salmonelloses.

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Novartis Vaccines Institute for Global Health, Siena, Italy.



This review summarizes the recent advances in vaccination against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and highlights the data supporting the development of next generation vaccines to address paratyphoid fever and invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella (iNTS) disease.


There has been increasing awareness of the disease burden caused by S. Typhi particularly in Africa and greater recognition of S. Paratyphi A's contribution to enteric fever episodes throughout Asia. Groups have been working to improve the existing typhoid vaccines and provide comprehensive data on the feasibility of their implementation in endemic settings. These data have resulted in modifications to the recommendations for typhoid vaccination in traveller markets and endemic settings, and has also led to the development of S. Paratyphi A vaccine components that can be combined with existing typhoid vaccines to generate bivalent formulations against enteric fever. The epidemiology of iNTS serovars as cause of appreciable morbidity and mortality in Africa, and the need for vaccines, has also become more widely appreciated.


Current typhoid vaccines, although moderately effective for short periods of time, cannot be used in all age groups and only target one of the clinically relevant Salmonella serovars. Greater effort must be placed on the development and implementation of improved vaccines for the disease burden resulting from Typhi, Paratyphi A or iNTS infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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