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Opt Lett. 2012 Jul 15;37(14):2787-9. doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002787.

Scattering forces and electromagnetic momentum density in crossed circularly polarized standing waves.

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Departamento de Física de Materiales C-04, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain.


We analyze the forces on a small dipolar particle and the electromagnetic momentum density in a configuration consisting in two perpendicular circularly polarized stationary waves. The field distribution shows regions in which the electric and magnetic fields are parallel corresponding to a null Poynting vector. Although the average value of the momentum density, proportional to the Poynting vector, is zero in these regions, there are scattering forces acting on small particles due to light's spin force. The total scattering force suggests a new definition of the average value of the momentum density for free propagating electromagnetic fields.


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