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J Adolesc Health. 2012 Aug;51(2):200-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.01.003. Epub 2012 Mar 12.

Complementary and alternative medicine use among youth with juvenile arthritis: are youth using CAM, but not talking about it?

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Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55414, USA.



To examine self-reported use and correlates of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in adolescents with juvenile arthritis (JA).


One hundred thirty-four adolescents with JA completed an online survey of their use of, interest in, and discussions about CAM. The PedsQL 4.0 SF15 assessed quality of life.


The majority (72%) of youth reported using ≥1 CAM modality. Use did not differ by sex, age, race, or geographic location. The most commonly used CAM modalities were yoga (45%) and meditation, relaxation, or guided imagery (40%). Low psychosocial quality of life was associated with massage and meditation, relaxation, or guided imagery use (p < .05). Only 46% of youth reported discussing CAM with a health care provider. Nonusers were most interested in learning more about massage (79%) and yoga (57%).


Youth with JA reported high use of CAM, but few discussed CAM with health care providers. Findings suggest practitioners should engage adolescents in discussions about CAM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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