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Vet Dermatol. 2012 Oct;23(5):418-e79. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3164.2012.01074.x. Epub 2012 Jul 24.

Comparison of once-daily versus twice-weekly terbinafine administration for the treatment of canine Malassezia dermatitis - a pilot study.

Author information

1
Dermatology for Animals, Gilbert, AZ, USA. darrenbergeraercci@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Terbinafine, an allylamine antifungal, is used in pulsatile dose regimens for superficial mycoses in human medicine.

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the clinical efficacy of twice-weekly versus once-daily terbinafine administration to determine whether preliminary proof-of-concept evidence exists for pulsatile administration of terbinafine in the treatment of canine Malassezia dermatitis and to determine whether twice-weekly treatment results in fewer clinical and owner-perceived adverse events.

ANIMALS:

Twenty client-owned dogs with Malassezia dermatitis.

METHODS:

In this randomized, single-blinded clinical trial, dogs were randomly assigned to receive terbinafine (30 mg/kg) either once daily for 21 days (n = 10) or once daily on two consecutive days per week for six doses (n = 10). On day 0 and day 21, a mean yeast count was calculated from eight anatomical locations via adhesive tape-strip cytology, clinical lesion scores were assigned to the same locations, and owners assessed pruritus using a visual analog scale.

RESULTS:

There was no significant difference between treatment groups with respect to the reduction in mean yeast count (P = 0.343) and clinical lesion scores (P = 0.887). Pruritus measured by visual analog scale was significantly decreased in the twice-weekly treatment group compared with the daily treatment group (P = 0.047). Seven of 20 dogs had a clinically measurable or owner-reported adverse event during treatment that included gastrointestinal disturbances, excessive panting and elevated hepatic enzymes, with no significant difference noted between treatment groups.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE:

This pilot study indicates that twice-weekly terbinafine administration may be an effective alternative treatment for canine Malassezia dermatitis and merits further investigation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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