Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn. 2012 Oct;39(5):479-98. doi: 10.1007/s10928-012-9263-3. Epub 2012 Jul 21.

Combining patient-level and summary-level data for Alzheimer's disease modeling and simulation: a β regression meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Metrum Research Group, Tariffville, CT 06081, USA.

Abstract

Our objective was to develop a beta regression (BR) model to describe the longitudinal progression of the 11 item Alzheimer's disease (AD) assessment scale cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) in AD patients in both natural history and randomized clinical trial settings, utilizing both individual patient and summary level literature data. Patient data from the coalition against major diseases database (3,223 patients), the Alzheimer's disease neruroimaging initiative study database (186 patients), and summary data from 73 literature references (representing 17,235 patients) were fit to a BR drug-disease-trial model. Treatment effects for currently available acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, longitudinal changes in disease severity, dropout rate, placebo effect, and factors influencing these parameters were estimated in the model. Based on predictive checks and external validation, an adequate BR meta-analysis model for ADAS-cog using both summary-level and patient-level data was developed. Baseline ADAS-cog was estimated from baseline MMSE score. Disease progression was dependent on time, ApoE4 status, age, and gender. Study drop out was a function of time, baseline age, and baseline MMSE. The use of the BR constrained simulations to the 0-70 range of the ADAS-cog, even when residuals were incorporated. The model allows for simultaneous fitting of summary and patient level data, allowing for integration of all information available. A further advantage of the BR model is that it constrains values to the range of the original instrument for simulation purposes, in contrast to methodologies that provide appropriate constraints only for conditional expectations.

PMID:
22821139
DOI:
10.1007/s10928-012-9263-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center