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Atherosclerosis. 1990 Nov;85(1):47-54.

Effect of vitamin C and E supplementation on susceptibility of plasma lipoproteins to peroxidation induced by acute smoking.

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1
Department of Medicine B, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

The effect of acute smoking on plasma lipoproteins was studied in seventeen smokers. In study 1, 7 subjects were examined prior to and 2 weeks after supplementation with vitamin C. In study 2, the effect of acute smoking was first determined in 10 additional subjects and subsequently they were divided into 3 groups, 3 and 4 subjects were supplemented with vitamin C or E, respectively, for 4 weeks, and 3 remained untreated. Plasma and LDL TBARS were examined at time zero (i.e., 40-48 h after total abstention from smoking) and at 90 min after acute smoking (5-7 cigarettes). In all 17 subjects examined prior to vitamin supplementation, significantly higher TBARS values were found in plasma, native LDL and LDL conditioned with smooth muscle cells (SMC) when the 90 min values were compared to 0 time. The LDL isolated after 90 min and conditioned with SMC was metabolized more extensively by mouse peritoneal macrophages than its zero time counterpart. The differences between the 0 time and 90 min values were not seen after the subjects had been supplemented with vitamin C for 2 or 4 weeks or with vitamin E for 4 weeks. The present results indicate that acute smoking exerts an oxidative stress on plasma lipoproteins and that higher plasma levels of natural antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E have a protective role.

PMID:
2282108
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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