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Cell Signal. 2012 Nov;24(11):2123-31. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2012.07.014. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Monocyte chemotactic protein-induced protein (MCPIP) promotes inflammatory angiogenesis via sequential induction of oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress and autophagy.

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Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA.


Major diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, obesity and tumor growth are known to involve inflammation. Inflammatory molecules such as MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-8 are known to promote angiogenesis. MCP-induced protein (MCPIP), originally discovered as a novel zinc finger protein induced by MCP-1, is also induced by other inflammatory agents. MCPIP was shown to mediate MCP-1-induced angiogenesis. Whether angiogenesis induced by other inflammatory agents is mediated via MCPIP is unknown and the molecular mechanisms involved in angiogenesis induced by MCPIP have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to bridge this gap and delineate the sequential processes involved in angiogenesis mediated via MCPIP. siRNA knockdown of MCPIP was used to determine whether different inflammatory agents, MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-8, mediate angiogenesis via MCPIP in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Chemical inhibitors and specific gene knockdown approach were used to inhibit each process postulated. Oxidative stress was inhibited by apocynin or cerium oxide nanoparticles or knockdown of NADPH oxidase subunit, phox47. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was blocked by tauroursodeoxycholate or knockdown of ER stress signaling protein IRE-1 and autophagy was inhibited by the use of 3'methyl adenine, or LY 294002 or by specific knockdown of beclin1. Matrigel assay was used as a tool to study angiogenic differentiation induced by inflammatory agents or MCPIP overexpression in HUVECs. Tube formation induced by inflammatory agents, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8 and MCP-1 was inhibited by knockdown of MCPIP. Forced MCPIP-expression induced oxidative stress, ER stress, autophagy and angiogenic differentiation in HUVECs. Inhibition of each step caused inhibition of each subsequent step postulated. The results reveal that angiogenesis induced by inflammatory agents is mediated via induction of MCPIP that causes oxidative and nitrosative stress resulting in ER stress leading to autophagy required for angiogenesis. The sequence of events suggested to be involved in inflammatory angiogenesis by MCPIP could serve as possible targets for therapeutic intervention of angiogenesis-related disorders.

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