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J Cardiol. 2012 Dec;60(6):454-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2012.06.006. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Ongoing myocardial damage in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction.

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1
The Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology, and Nephrology, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The relationship between ongoing myocardial damage and heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function (HF-PEF) is still unclear. To investigate this relationship, we measured the cardiac-specific cytosolic marker, heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), and a myofibrillar component (troponin T), and analyzed clinical outcomes.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Consecutive heart failure patients (n=151) with echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction >50% were prospectively enrolled. The cut-off values for myocardial membrane injury (H-FABP >4.3 ng/mL) and myofibrillar injury (troponin T >0.01 ng/mL) were defined using receiver operating characteristic curves. Myocardial membrane injury was observed more frequently than myofibrillar injury (41% vs. 26% of patients, p<0.05). Patients were followed up for a median of 694 days, with the end-points being cardiovascular death or re-hospitalization. By multivariate analysis, the serum H-FABP level was an independent predictor of cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 1.165 per 1 ng/mL increase, 95% confidence interval 1.034-1.314, p=0.012).

CONCLUSIONS:

Latent myocardial injury was frequently observed in patients with HF-PEF. The circulating H-FABP level was an independent predictor of subsequent cardiovascular events.

PMID:
22819040
DOI:
10.1016/j.jjcc.2012.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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