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Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Sep;94(3):951-7; discussion 957-8. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.04.083. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

A randomized multiinstitution comparison of the laparoscopic Nissen and Hill repairs.

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1
Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA. ralph.aye@swedish.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Laparoscopic Hill repair (LHR) and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) are established surgical antireflux procedures but have never been compared in a prospective trial. This trial was designed to compare the effectiveness of LHR against the gold-standard LNF.

METHODS:

Patients with uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux from two esophageal centers were randomly assigned and blinded from 2003 to 2007. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation included two quality of life metrics--Quality of Life in Reflux and Dyspepsia, and Dysphagia--as well as endoscopy, video esophogram, manometry, and pH testing.

RESULTS:

Of 121 patients who consented to the trial, 102 underwent surgery; 46 LNF and 56 LHR were performed, with a mean follow-up of 12 months. Postoperatively, the DeMeester score normalized for both repairs, with no difference between them (LNF 6.8, LHR 11.1, p=0.26). Postoperative medication use was 4%, and the groups were equivalent. Lower esophageal sphincter pressure increased significantly for LNF (14.93 to 24.10, p=0.001) but not for LHR (19.91 to 20.25, p=0.87). Quality of life scores improved significantly for both repairs (LNF 3.77 to 6.65; LHR 3.84 to 6.54, p<0.001), and postoperative results were equivalent (p=0.99). Dysphagia scores preoperative/postoperative were LNF 33.88 to 38.33 and LHR 35.44 to 38.72, and were equivalent postoperatively (p=0.94). Two LNF and two LHR required reoperation for failed repair.

CONCLUSIONS:

The LHR and the LNF both yield excellent and equivalent results for uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux at 12 months. Their mechanisms of action may be different.

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