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Inorg Chem. 2012 Aug 6;51(15):8194-201. doi: 10.1021/ic300750c. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Theoretical prediction of spin-crossover temperatures in ligand-driven light-induced spin change systems.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0314, United States.


Spin-crossover compounds exhibit two alternative spin states with distinctive chemical and physical properties, a particular feature that makes them promising materials for nanotechnological applications as memory or display devices. A key parameter that characterizes these compounds is the spin-crossover temperature, T(1/2), defined as the temperature with equal populations of high and low-spin species. In this study, a theoretical/computational approach is described for the calculation of T(1/2) for the trans-[Fe(styrylpyridine)(4)(NCX)(2)] (X = S, Se, and BH(3), styrylpyridine in the trans configuration) ligand driven light-induced spin change (LD-LISC) complexes. In all cases, the present calculations provide an accurate description of both structural and electronic properties of the LD-LISC complexes and, importantly, predict spin-crossover temperatures in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data. Fundamental insights into the dependence of T(1/2) on the nature of the axial ligands are obtained from the direct analysis of the underlying electronic structure in terms of the relevant molecular orbitals.

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