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PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40704. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040704. Epub 2012 Jul 16.

Decreased expression of SATB2: a novel independent prognostic marker of worse outcome in laryngeal carcinoma patients.

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State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.



To investigate the expression and role of special AT-rich sequence-binding protein-2 (SATB2) in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) tissue and cell line (HEp2), and to evaluate the clinical and prognostic significance of SATB2 protein in patients with LSCC.


The expression of SATB2 was examined in LSCC tissue and HEp2 cells by Western-blotting, Real-time PCR and immunohistochemical staining. Cell growth curve assay and colony formation assay were used to verify the effect of SATB2 on the proliferation and tumor progression ability of HEp2 cells. Tumor formation assay in nude mice was used to analyze the effect of SATB2 on the tumorigenicity of HEp2 cells.


The status of SATB2 protein in carcinoma tissues is much lower than that in paracarcinoma tissues. The overall survival of the patients with high SATB2 expression was significantly higher than the low SATB2 expression group. Lower or negative SATB2 expression was significantly correlated with advanced clinical staging, histological grade and tumor recurrence. In vitro experiments demonstrated that over-expression of SATB2 in HEp2 cells inhibited cell proliferation and tumor progression ability, and down-regulation of SATB2 showed the opposite effects. Over-expression of SATB2 repressed the tumorigenicity of HEp2 cells by in vivo experiments. Moreover, multivariate analysis suggested that SATB2 expression might be an independent prognostic indicator for the survival of LSCC patients after curative surgery.


SATB2 might involve in the development and progression of LSCC as a tumor suppressor, and thereby may be a valuable prognostic marker for LSCC patients.

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