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Nat Protoc. 2012 Jul 19;7(8):1511-22. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2012.085.

Template-based protein structure modeling using the RaptorX web server.

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Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.


A key challenge of modern biology is to uncover the functional role of the protein entities that compose cellular proteomes. To this end, the availability of reliable three-dimensional atomic models of proteins is often crucial. This protocol presents a community-wide web-based method using RaptorX ( for protein secondary structure prediction, template-based tertiary structure modeling, alignment quality assessment and sophisticated probabilistic alignment sampling. RaptorX distinguishes itself from other servers by the quality of the alignment between a target sequence and one or multiple distantly related template proteins (especially those with sparse sequence profiles) and by a novel nonlinear scoring function and a probabilistic-consistency algorithm. Consequently, RaptorX delivers high-quality structural models for many targets with only remote templates. At present, it takes RaptorX ~35 min to finish processing a sequence of 200 amino acids. Since its official release in August 2011, RaptorX has processed ~6,000 sequences submitted by ~1,600 users from around the world.

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