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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2012 Sep;42(9):807-12. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hys112. Epub 2012 Jul 17.

Long-term follow-up of a randomized Phase II study of cisplatin/5-FU concurrent chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer (KROSG0101/JROSG021).

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Department of Radiation Oncology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, 377-2, Ohno-Higashi, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka 589-8511, Japan.



Long-term survival and late toxicities of a randomized Phase II study of chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer were analyzed.


Eligible patients were <75 years old and performance status 0-2, and had Stages II-IVA esophageal cancer. For arm A (short-term infusion), cisplatin 70 mg/m(2) Days 1 and 29 and 5-fluorouracil 700 mg/m(2) Days 1-5 and 29-33 were given concurrently with radiotherapy of 60 Gy/30 fr/7 weeks (1 week split). For arm B (protracted infusion), cisplatin 7 mg/m(2) Days 1-5, 8-12, 29-33 and 36-40, and 5-fluorouracil 250 mg/m(2) Days 1-14 and 29-42 were given with the same radiotherapy. Two cycles of consolidation cisplatin/5-fluorouracil chemotherapy were given to both arms.


Between 2001 and 2006, 91 patients were enrolled; 46 were randomized to arm A, and 45 to arm B. The 2- and 5-year overall survival rates for arm A were 46 and 35% (95% confidence interval: 22-48%), while those for arm B were 44 and 22% (11-35%), respectively. Excluding four patients with early death, seven (17%) patients in arm A and eight (18%) in arm B showed late toxicities of Grade 3 or more. Most of the toxicities were cardiac or pleural toxicities. Patients with severe late toxicities often had coexistent hypothyroidism. There were three patients with a secondary malignancy possibly related to treatment.


Low-dose protracted infusion chemotherapy with radiotherapy is not superior to full-dose short-term infusion chemotherapy with radiotherapy for esophageal cancer. Late toxicities, including cardiac and pleural toxicities, hypothyroidism and secondary malignancy, should be carefully monitored.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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