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PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40117. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040117. Epub 2012 Jul 11.

Ecology of root colonizing Massilia (Oxalobacteraceae).

Author information

1
Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, Israel.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Ecologically meaningful classification of bacterial populations is essential for understanding the structure and function of bacterial communities. As in soils, the ecological strategy of the majority of root-colonizing bacteria is mostly unknown. Among those are Massilia (Oxalobacteraceae), a major group of rhizosphere and root colonizing bacteria of many plant species.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

The ecology of Massilia was explored in cucumber root and seed, and compared to that of Agrobacterium population, using culture-independent tools, including DNA-based pyrosequencing, fluorescence in situ hybridization and quantitative real-time PCR. Seed- and root-colonizing Massilia were primarily affiliated with other members of the genus described in soil and rhizosphere. Massilia colonized and proliferated on the seed coat, radicle, roots, and also on hyphae of phytopathogenic Pythium aphanidermatum infecting seeds. High variation in Massilia abundance was found in relation to plant developmental stage, along with sensitivity to plant growth medium modification (amendment with organic matter) and potential competitors. Massilia absolute abundance and relative abundance (dominance) were positively related, and peaked (up to 85%) at early stages of succession of the root microbiome. In comparison, variation in abundance of Agrobacterium was moderate and their dominance increased at later stages of succession.

CONCLUSIONS:

In accordance with contemporary models for microbial ecology classification, copiotrophic and competition-sensitive root colonization by Massilia is suggested. These bacteria exploit, in a transient way, a window of opportunity within the succession of communities within this niche.

PMID:
22808103
PMCID:
PMC3394795
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0040117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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