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Proteomics. 2012 Jul;12(13):2203-11. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201100376.

Quantitative proteomic analysis of exosomes from HIV-1-infected lymphocytic cells.

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Department of Medicine, Rhode Island and Miriam Hospitals, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.


HIV-1 infection causes profound effects both inside and outside of cells through multiple mechanisms, including those mediated by exosomes. Using the technique of stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture, we compared protein expression patterns in the exosomal compartment of HIV-1-infected and -uninfected lymphocytic H9 cells. Of 770 proteins identified in two independent sets of exosomal samples, 14 proteins were found to be differentially expressed in the exosomal fraction of HIV-1-infected cells versus -uninfected controls. Gene Ontology survey and DAVID analysis revealed that identified proteins were enriched for functional categories such as binding. Of these 14 proteins, three immunomodulatory molecules were reproducibly identified in both replicates and included ADP-ribosyl cyclase 1 (CD38), L-lactate dehydrogenase B chain (LDHB), and Annexin A5 (ANXA5). In addition to previously reported HIV-1 associations with CD38 and LDHB, new interactions were identified and validated for ANXA5, CD38, and LDHB, which were found to bind to HIV-1 p24 and Tat. In summary, our studies reveal that exosomes released from HIV-1-infected cells are composed of a unique and quantitatively different protein signature and harbor regulatory molecules that impact the processes of cellular apoptosis (ANXA5 and LDHB) and proliferation (CD38).

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