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World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012 Nov;28(11):3081-95. doi: 10.1007/s11274-012-1117-z. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

Multifaceted attributes of dairy propionibacteria: a review.

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Dairy Microbiology Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132001, India.


Dairy propionibacteria are Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) status microorganisms which have been traditionally used for the manufacture of Swiss type cheeses. In the last two decades various added features and functionalities have been discovered and developed from these bacteria. Propionibacteria are robust organisms with remarkable adaptability to technological and physiological stress conditions. Besides, they also display a multitude of health promoting properties like modulation of gut microbiota, improved gut physiology and immunomodulation suggesting their promising probiotic potential. Propionibacteria produce an interestingly wide range of functional biomolecules like B group vitamins, trehalose, conjugated linoleic acid, propionic acid, bacteriocins, bifidogenic factors etc. These bacteria are thus now being explored for designing novel functional foods as well as for industrial production of nutraceuticals. Growing interest in these bacteria is fueled by the first whole genome sequencing of a Propionibacterium freudenreichii strain providing a platform for better understanding of various pathways and further improvement in related process technologies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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