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Br J Cancer. 2012 Aug 7;107(4):604-11. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2012.319. Epub 2012 Jul 17.

A phase I dose-escalation study of aflibercept administered in combination with pemetrexed and cisplatin in patients with advanced solid tumours.

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Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Department of Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, 610 University Avenue, 5-700, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9, Canada.



To evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PKs), and pharmacodynamics of aflibercept, and to identify the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of aflibercept in combination with pemetrexed and cisplatin.


Aflibercept was administered at escalating doses of 2, 4, or 6 mg kg(-1) in combination with fixed doses of pemetrexed (500 mg m(-2)) plus cisplatin (75 mg m(-2)) every 3 weeks. Blood samples were collected for PK analyses. Serum antiaflibercept antibodies were quantified to assess their impact on systemic aflibercept concentrations.


Eighteen patients were enrolled. One patient dosed at 4 mg kg(-1) experienced grade 3 hypophosphatemia (dose-limiting toxicity; DLT), which prompted a cohort expansion. No further DLTs were observed in the 4 mg kg(-1) cohort or the 6 mg kg(-1) dose cohort. Most common adverse events (AEs) of all grades included (%): fatigue (89), anaemia (89), nausea (83), hyponatremia (78), and neutropenia (72). Grade ≥ 3 AEs consistent with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy included (%): hypertension (22), pulmonary embolism (11), and deep vein thrombosis (6). Five patients (28%) experienced mild neurocognitive disturbance. No episodes of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) were noted.


The results of this phase I study allowed further evaluation of the combination of aflibercept with pemetrexed and cisplatin in a phase II study. The RP2D of aflibercept was 6 mg kg(-1), to be administered intravenously every 3 weeks in combination with pemetrexed and cisplatin.

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