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J Psychiatr Res. 1990;24 Suppl 2:3-14.

The epidemiology of anxiety disorders: the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) experience.

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Division of Clinical Research, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Maryland 20857.


According to the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study--one of the largest investigations of the prevalence of mental disorders ever conducted--anxiety disorders affect more than 7% of adults in the United States. Women, individuals under age 45, those who are separated or divorced, and those in low socioeconomic groups all have a higher rate of anxiety than individuals in other groups. This article will present prevalence rates of anxiety disorders based on data from the five ECA sites--New Haven, Conn; Baltimore, Md; St Louis, Mo; Durham, NC; and Los Angeles, Ca.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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