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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Sep;36(5):414-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05211.x. Epub 2012 Jul 15.

Meta-analysis: esomeprazole or rabeprazole vs. first-generation pump inhibitors in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.

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Gastroenterology Unit, Hospital Universitario de la Princesa and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP), Madrid, Spain.



The decreasing efficacy of H. pylori eradication treatments over time makes the search for better regimens and adjuvant medications a priority.


To conduct a meta-analysis of studies comparing rabeprazole or esomeprazole with other proton pump inhibitors (PPI) or with each other in H. pylori eradication treatment.



Randomised clinical trials comparing esomeprazole or rabeprazole with first-generation PPIs (omeprazole-lansoprazole-pantoprazole) or with each other.


The meta-analysis (35 studies, 5998 patients) showed higher eradication rates for esomeprazole than for first-generation PPIs: 82.3% vs. 77.6%; OR = 1.32(1.01-1.73); NNT = 21. Rabeprazole also showed better results than first-generation PPIs: 80.5% vs. 76.2%; OR = 1.21(1.02-1.42); NNT = 23. PPI dosage sub-analysis: only esomeprazole 40 mg b.d. improved results [83.5% esomeprazole vs. 72.4% first generation; OR = 2.27(1.07-4.82); NNT = 9]. Whereas rabeprazole 10 and 20 mg b.d. maintained results, esomeprazole 20 mg b.d. obtained lower efficacy. Esomeprazole vs. rabeprazole sub-analysis (five studies): no significant differences were found: 78.7% vs. 76.7%; OR = 0.90(0.70-1.17). CYP2C19 sub-analysis: Genotype did not significantly affect eradication either in first [OR = 1.76(0.99-3.12)] or new generation [OR = 1.19(0.73-1.95)] PPIs. However, sub-analysis considering only extensive metaboliser patients showed higher eradication with new-generation PPIs [OR = 1.37(1.02-1.84)].


Esomeprazole and rabeprazole show better overall H. pylori eradication rates than first-generation PPIs. This clinical benefit is more pronounced in esomeprazole 40 mg b.d. regimens. In CYP2C19 extensive metabolisers, new-generation PPIs are more effective than first-generation PPIs for H. pylori eradication. However, a general recommendation of using new-generation PPIs in all scenarios remains unclear.

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