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J Lipid Res. 1990 Aug;31(8):1423-31.

Mechanism of free fatty acid re-esterification in human adipocytes in vitro.

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1
Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021-6399.

Abstract

Within adipose tissue, free fatty acids liberated by lipolysis may be re-esterified into newly synthesized triacylglycerol. We hypothesized that re-esterification may occur via an extracellular route, such that free fatty acids arising from lipolysis must leave the adipocyte and be taken up again before they can be re-esterified. We simultaneously measured rates of lipolysis, acylglycerol synthesis, and free fatty acid re-esterification in human adipose tissue and isolated adipocytes in vitro, utilizing a dual-isotopic technique. We manipulated incubations to increase mixing of released free fatty acids with the incubation medium. Such manipulations should decrease the probability that released free fatty acids would be taken up and re-esterified. We found that re-esterification was decreased in isolated adipocytes compared to fragments of tissue, in shaken compared to unshaken incubations, and in low adipocyte concentrations compared to high adipocyte concentrations. Rates of acylglycerol synthesis and lipolysis were unaltered by these manipulations, indicating that changes in free fatty acid re-esterification are not secondary to effects on these processes. The results are consistent with an extracellular route for free fatty acid re-esterification. Such a mechanism suggests that adipose tissue blood flow may play an important role in the regulation of free fatty acid release from adipose tissue.

PMID:
2280183
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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