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Semin Pediatr Surg. 2012 Aug;21(3):255-65. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2012.05.008.

Gallstone disease in children.

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1
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital & Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Gallstone disease in children is evolving, and for the previous 3 decades, the frequency for surgery has increased greatly. This is in part because of improved diagnostic modalities, but also changing pathology, an increased awareness of emerging comorbidities, such as childhood obesity, and other associated risk factors. This article outlines the pathophysiology, genetics, and predisposing factors for developing gallstones and includes a review of the literature on the current and more novel medical and surgical techniques to treat this interesting disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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